Befrienders Kenya - Help I want to kill myself
You don’t make a decision today - You don’t need to act on your thoughts right now. The option of taking your own life isn’t going to go away. You can make this decision tomorrow, next week or next month if you still want to.
When you are feeling so bad that you want to take your own life, the thought of just getting through the next few days seem unbearable. Try to focus on just getting through today and not the rest of your life. It may feel that the way you usually cope with these feelings is weaker today. You may not feel able to imagine getting through this.
Avoid focusing on your suicidal thoughts - You might feel that it is impossible not to focus on your suicidal thoughts or why you feel that way. However, focusing on these thoughts can make them stronger and harder to resist acting on them.
Avoid alcohol or drugs - Using alcohol or drugs can make your feelings of suicide
stronger. Drugs and alcohol can also make you more impulsive where you might act on sudden urges.
Keep yourself safe - Go to a place where you feel safe and where you do not have
anything you can use to harm yourself, such as razors or pills. This place might be
your bedroom, a mental health centre, library or gym. If you have a lot of medication you can ask someone to hold onto it for you until these feelings pass or contact us on +254722178177 for confidential, non-judgemental emotional support.
Most people experience ups and downs in their life, and can feel unhappy, depressed,stressed or
anxious during difficult times. This is a normal part of life.
Many difficult events and experiences can leave us in low spirits or cause depression: relationship
problems,bereavement, sleep problems, stress at work, bullying, illness and pain being just a few. Changes to hormones, such as during puberty, after childbirth and during the menopause, can also have an effect on your emotional and mental health.
However, a low mood will tend to improve after a short time. Making some small changes in your life, such as resolving a difficult situation or talking about your problems and getting more sleep, can improve your mood.
A low mood that doesn't go away can be a sign of depression.
Symptoms of depression can include the following:
Why people attempt suicide?
Despite being a leading cause of death worldwide, there is little hard evidence to explain why some people attempt suicide. Most people who choose to end their lives do so for complex reasons. Research has shown many people who die by suicide have a mental illness, most commonly depression or an alcohol problem.
In many cases, suicide is also linked to feelings of hopelessness and worthlessness.
Vulnerability to Suicide
Many experts believe a number of things determine how vulnerable a person is to suicidal thinking and behaviour. These include: life history – for example, having a traumatic experience during childhood, a history of sexual or physical abuse, or a history of parental neglect
mental health – for example, developing a serious mental health condition, such as schizophrenia lifestyle – for example, if you misuse drugs or misuse alcohol
employment – such as poor job security, low levels of job satisfaction or being unemployed relationships – being socially isolated, being a victim of bullying or having few close relationships genetics and family history.
In addition, a stressful event may push a person "over the edge", leading to suicidal thinking and behaviour.
It may only take a minor event, such as having an argument with a partner. Or it may take one or more stressful or upsetting events before a person feels suicidal, such as the break-up of a significant relationship, a partner dying or being diagnosed with a terminal illness.
Mental Health Conditions
It's estimated 90% of people who attempt or die by suicide have one or more mental health conditions. However, in some cases, the condition may not have been formally diagnosed by a clinician. Conditions leading to the biggest risk of suicide are described below.
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Suicidal Risk Factors Specific to College Students
Loss of a social network
Loss of the safety net found at home
Pressure academically or socially
Isolation and alienation
Lack of coping skills
Difficulty adjusting to new demands of college life
Decreased academic performance and subsequent feelings of failure
Experimentation with drugs and alcohol
Protective Factors that can HELP
Supportive social and family network
Problem-solving and conflict-resolution skills
Ability to regulate emotions
Ability to cope
Positive view of future
Cultural or religious beliefs that discourage suicide
Access to mental health care
Other risk factors for suicide include:
Antidepressants and suicide risk-Some people experience suicidal thoughts when they first takeantidepressants. Young people under 25 seem particularly at risk.
Contact your doctor or go to your local hospital if you have thoughts of killing or harming yourself at any time while taking antidepressants.
It may be useful to tell a relative or close friend if you have started taking antidepressants. Ask them to read the leaflet that comes with your medication. Also ask them to tell you if they think your symptoms are getting worse or if they are worried about changes in your behaviour.
Genetics and suicide-Suicide and some mental health problems can run in families. This has led to speculation that certain genes may be associated with suicide.
However, it would be too simple to claim there's a "suicide gene" as the factors leading to suicide are complex and wide ranging. Genetics may influence personality factors (such as acting impulsively or aggressively) that may increase the risk of suicidal behaviour, especially when a person is depressed.
Other theories-An American psychologist called Thomas Joiner developed a theory known as the interpersonal theory of suicide. The theory states three main factors which can cause someone to turn to suicide. They are:
a perception (usually mistaken) they are alone in the world and no one really cares about them
a feeling (again, usually mistaken) they are a burden on others and people would be better off if they were dead
fearlessness towards pain and death
The theory argues fearlessness towards pain and self-harm may be learnt over time, which could explain the strong association between self-harming behaviour and suicide.
People who are regularly exposed to the suffering and pain of others may develop this fearlessness over time. This could help explain why suicide rates are higher in occupations linked to such exposure, such as soldiers, nurses and doctors.